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Ultimate Guide: KAPS Exam & Pharmacist skill assessment process with Australian pharmacy council

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Nitesh Viramgama


Introduction to Pharmacy Licensing in Australia:

Australia is celebrated for its highly regulated pharmacy sector, making it a top destination for pharmacy professionals worldwide. Embarking on a pharmacy career in Australia involves a detailed licensure process, beginning with a skills eligibility assessment by the Australian Pharmacy Council (APC). This process ensures that candidates meet the high standards of pharmacy education required in the field. Aspiring pharmacists must then pass either the Knowledge Assessment of Pharmaceutical Sciences (KAPS) or the Competency Assessment of Overseas Pharmacists (CAOP) examination. Success in these exams leads to supervised training and a final qualifying examination, culminating in registration as a pharmacist in Australia, issued by the Australian Pharmacy Board.

Role of the Australian Pharmacy Council (APC):


Evaluating Qualifications: The APC plays a critical role in the Australian pharmacy licensing process, evaluating the qualifications of internationally trained pharmacists to ensure compliance with Australian standards.

Administering Examinations: It is also responsible for conducting key skill assessment examinations, such as the KAPS, ensuring that overseas pharmacists are prepared and qualified for the Australian pharmacy profession.

Skills Assessment Pathways:

The licensing process includes a comprehensive Skills Assessment, divided into four streams to accommodate different backgrounds and qualifications.

Types of skill assessments:

Skills Assessment Category Eligibility Criteria
Competency Stream
  • Holds a pharmacy degree from an accredited institution in Canada, Ireland, the UK, or the USA.
  • Currently holds pharmacist registration in any of those countries.
  • Seeks employment or immigration to Australia.
International Student Stream
  • Earned a pharmacy degree in Australia or New Zealand as a foreign student.
  • Has registration or is eligible to be registered as a pharmacist.
  • Intent to work or immigrate to Australia.
Knowledge Stream
  • Obtained a pharmacy degree from outside Australia, Canada, Ireland, New Zealand, the UK, or the USA.
  • Registered or eligible for registration as a pharmacist in one of these countries.
  • Desires to work or relocate to Australia.
New Zealand Licensed Pharmacist Stream
  • Completed a pharmacy degree in New Zealand.
  • Presently registered as a pharmacist in New Zealand.
  • Looking to move to Australia.

Special Consideration for Indian Graduates

Indian graduates aiming for the Knowledge Stream must obtain a Stream A approval letter, marking their eligibility for the KAPS exam and advancing their Skills Assessment process in alignment with Australia’s stringent pharmacy standards.

Key takeaways of Pharmacist licensing exam:

  1. Comprehensive Licensure Process
  2. Eligibility Criteria
  3. Assessments and Examinations
  4. KAPS Examination
  5. Practical Training
  6. Intern Oral & Intern Written exam
  7. Importance for International Graduates

Pharmacy Licensing Eligibility and Document Evaluation


Part 1: Eligibility Check Overview

Initial Eligibility Criteria:

  • Academic Qualifications: Candidates must hold a minimum of a four-year full-time Bachelor of Pharmacy degree or its equivalent.

Professional Registration:

  •  Registration Status: Applicants must be eligible for or already registered as pharmacists in the country of their graduation.

Document Submission Guidelines:

Document Category Required Documents
Identification and Qualifications
  • Passport
  • Official photo-bearing ID
  • Birth certificate
  • Pharmacy qualification certificate or completion letter (Degree)
  • Academic transcript
  • Proof of pharmacist registration (License)
Supplementary Documents (Optional)
  • Work experience evidence
  • Resume or Curriculum Vitae (CV)
  • Agent authorization form (if applicable)
  • Name change documentation (if relevant)

Skill Assessment Fees

  • Eligibility Assessment Fee: AU$1310, covering the evaluation of qualifications and documents. (Note: Fees are subject to change; candidates should consult the Australian Pharmacy Council’s website for the latest information.)

Processing Time

  • Timeframe: The eligibility check, including document evaluation, typically takes up to 12 weeks. This period is crucial for planning the path towards the KAPS examination and registration as a pharmacist in Australia.

Candidates should meticulously plan their application process, considering the financial and time commitments, to smoothly navigate through the eligibility verification and document assessment phases towards their pharmacy licensure in Australia.

Stream-A Approval Letter


Overview of the Stream-A Approval Letter

The Stream-A approval letter, issued by the Australian Pharmacy Council (APC), is a cornerstone for international pharmacy graduates aiming to practice in Australia. It represents formal recognition of a candidate’s successful completion of the Stream-A assessment, evaluating their academic and professional qualifications.

Lifelong Validity and Its Benefits:

One of the significant benefits of the Stream-A approval letter is its lifelong validity. This permanence offers candidates the flexibility to plan their licensure journey without concern for expiration, providing a stable foundation for their career progression.

The Path to KAPS Examination:


Registration Eligibility

Holding the Stream-A approval letter enables candidates to register for the Knowledge Assessment of Pharmaceutical Sciences (KAPS) examination at their convenience. As a critical step in the licensure pathway, the KAPS exam assesses the candidate’s pharmaceutical knowledge against Australian standards.

Milestone Achievement

The issuance of the Stream-A approval letter not only confirms a candidate’s eligibility for further assessment but also signifies a significant milestone in their pursuit of becoming a registered pharmacist in Australia.

KAPS Examination Registration:

Step-by-Step Registration

Upon securing the Stream-A approval letter, the subsequent phase involves registering for the Knowledge Assessment of Pharmaceutical Sciences (KAPS) examination. This process is initiated through an online application, marking a pivotal step towards meeting the prerequisites for pharmacy practice in Australia.

Key Registration Details


KAPS Examination Fee

  • Cost: The registration fee for the KAPS exam is set at AU$2230, encompassing the costs related to the examination’s administration and processing.

Scheduling Options

  • Exam Dates: The KAPS examination is offered three times annually, typically in March, July, and November. This scheduling provides ample flexibility for candidates to select a date that aligns with their preparation and personal commitments.

Examination Centers in India:

For Indian candidates, the availability of examination centers in major cities such as Bangalore, Chennai, Hyderabad, Mumbai, New Delhi, Gurgaon, Pune, and Noida ensures convenience in selecting a proximal testing location. The widespread distribution of centers across the country minimizes travel burdens, aiding candidates in their examination journey with ease and accessibility.

The KAPS Examination :

The KAPS examination is a critical step for international pharmacy graduates seeking registration in Australia. It is designed to assess a candidate’s pharmaceutical knowledge in alignment with Australian pharmacy practice standards. Effective preparation requires a comprehensive understanding of the exam’s structure, style, syllabus, and content distribution.

Examination Structure and Duration:

Structure Overview

  • Format: The exam comprises 200 multiple-choice questions, split into two sections of 100 questions each. It features a candidate-friendly format with no negative marking.

Duration and Scheduling

  • Timing: Each session lasts 2 hours, separated by a 60-minute break, totaling 4 hours. Candidates receive a 15-minute tutorial before starting and a 5 minutes at the end for survey and feedback.

Exam Style and Presentation

  • Online Format: The KAPS is an online, computer-based examination. Drugs are referred to by generic names, and measurements are in SI Units. Keywords in questions are highlighted to aid comprehension.

Syllabus and Content Distribution

Content area Approximate distribution per content area
Paper 1
Pharmaceutical Chemistry 30%
Physiology and Pharmacology 70%
Paper 2
Pharmaceutic 30%
Therapeutics 70%

Results and Passing Criteria

To pass the exam, you need a mark of at least 50% in all subsections of the exam.
Paper 1 Pharmaceutical chemistry 50%
Pharmacology and physiology 50%
Paper 2 Pharmaceutics 50%
Therapeutics 50%

Understanding these key aspects of the KAPS examination is essential for thorough preparation and success in pursuing pharmacy registration in Australia.

KAPS Exam Success


Milestone: Passing the KAPS Examination

Successfully passing the KAPS exam is a pivotal achievement for candidates aiming to become registered pharmacists in Australia. It represents a significant step forward in the licensure process, demonstrating their competency and understanding of pharmaceutical sciences as per Australian standards.

Receipt of the Pharmacist Skill Assessment Letter:

Validation of Competence

Upon passing the KAPS exam, candidates receive the Pharmacist Skill Assessment Letter from the assessing authority. This document is a testament to their skills and knowledge being in line with Australian pharmacy practice requirements.

Progression in the Licensure Process

The Skill Assessment Letter is a crucial component for moving forward in the licensure journey. It indicates that candidates have achieved the necessary standards of knowledge and competence required by the Australian pharmacy sector, bringing them closer to their goal of practicing pharmacy in Australia.

English Proficiency

After obtaining a positive skill assessment letter, the next step for candidates is to apply for a provisional pharmacist license from the Australian Pharmacy Board. A key requirement for this license is proving English proficiency.

Accepted English Proficiency Tests

The Australian Pharmacy Board recognizes four different English tests to assess the proficiency required for a provisional pharmacist license:

English Test Minimum Overall Score Module/Section Requirements Context/Application
IELTS (Academic Module) 7 No score below 7 in listening, reading, writing, and speaking This test evaluates academic language abilities, aligning with the demands of professional pharmacy practice.
OET (Occupational English Test) Minimum of B Minimum of B in listening, reading, writing, and speaking Tailored for healthcare professionals, focusing on language skills pertinent to healthcare settings.
PTE Academic (Pearson Test of English Academic) 65 Minimum score of 65 in each skill area. Emphasizes real-life English usage in academic and professional environments.
TOEFL iBT (Test of English as a Foreign Language Internet-Based Test) 94 Minimum of 24 (listening), 24 (reading), 27 (writing), and 23 (speaking). Assesses comprehensive English proficiency in an academic setting.

These tests ensure that pharmacists have the language skills necessary to communicate effectively in Australia’s healthcare environment, providing safe and competent care to patients.

Provisional Pharmacist Registration in Australia

Step Description Authority
1. Apply for provisional registration Start the process for official recognition as a pharmacist Granted by Board
2. Nominate preceptor and premises Select and propose your supervisor and the location for practical training Approved by Board
3. Enroll in intern training program Join a structured training program provided by an accredited institution With an accredited provider

Apply Online for Provisional Registration

After passing the KAPS exam and meeting English language requirements, candidates are eligible to apply online for provisional pharmacist registration with the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (AHPRA). This significant step initiates the formal journey towards a career as a pharmacist in Australia.

Securing and Validating Internship Placements


Critical Importance of Internships

Securing an internship in a healthcare setting, such as a community pharmacy or hospital, is vital for shaping the practical skills and experiences necessary for becoming a pharmacist in Australia. Internships must be endorsed by the Australian Pharmacy Board to confirm they meet the educational and practice standards required in Australia.

International Flexibility

This endorsement process can be completed from outside Australia, offering international candidates the advantage of arranging their internship placements before relocating, thereby streamlining their transition to practicing pharmacy in a new country.

Internship Overview


Supervised Practice Requirement

Provisional pharmacists in Australia must complete 1,824 hours of supervised practice. This period bridges the gap between academic learning and practical application, providing interns with critical hands-on experience in pharmaceutical care within the Australian context.

Structured Experience

To ensure a well-rounded internship experience, interns are required to complete a minimum of 80 hours of supervised practice over any four consecutive weeks. This requirement guarantees consistent exposure to the various aspects of pharmaceutical practice.

Custom Arrangements

Any deviations from the standard internship schedule must be approved by the Australian Pharmacy Board. This policy maintains the high professional standards of the internship experience, ensuring that all provisional pharmacists receive a comprehensive and robust training experience.

Intern Training Program (ITP) for Pharmacy Interns

Overview of the ITP

The Intern Training Program (ITP) is a critical educational pathway in Australia designed for pharmacy interns. It combines practical experience with academic courses covering pharmaceutical care, ethics, and therapeutic management. This blend ensures interns develop a comprehensive skill set necessary for their professional growth.

Key Assessments

Interns are required to successfully pass various assessments within the ITP, which are pivotal in their progression towards becoming fully competent and registered pharmacists. These assessments evaluate both theoretical knowledge and practical skills.

Accredited ITP Providers

A select number of institutions are accredited to offer the ITP, each playing a significant role in nurturing the next generation of pharmacists:

  1. Monash University
  2. Pharmaceutical Society of Australia
  3. The Pharmacy Guild of Australia
  4. The University of Queensland
  5. The University of Sydney
  6. University of South Australia

These providers ensure that pharmacy interns in Australia receive top-tier training and education, preparing them for successful careers in the pharmacy sector.

Australian Pharmacist Intern Written Exam


The Intern Written Exam is a pivotal assessment for pharmacy interns in Australia, designed to evaluate their readiness for professional practice.

Eligibility Criteria, Delivery modes and Exam details:

Aspect Detail
Eligibility Complete at least 75% of required supervised practice hours
Delivery Modes Test center or Online proctored exam via OnVUE
Exam Duration 2 hours, plus 15 minutes for software familiarization
Question Count 75 total (67 scored, 8 un-scored pilot questions)
Frequency Three times a year (February, June, October)
Cost AU$730
Scoring Results certificate provided with outcome


The Intern Written Exam covers a broad spectrum of pharmacy practice areas to ensure a well-rounded assessment:

  1. Calculations: Focus on pharmaceutical calculations and dosage adjustments.
  2. Counseling: Evaluation of counseling and communication skills with patients and healthcare professionals.
  3. Dosage Forms: Knowledge of pharmaceutical dosage forms, preparation, and administration.
  4. First Aid Competency: Principles and practices of first aid.
  5. Law and Ethics: Legal and ethical considerations in pharmacy practice.
  6. Therapeutic Areas: Understanding of various therapeutic areas and pharmacotherapies.
  7. Disease State Management: Management of disease states through pharmaceutical interventions.

Australian Pharmacist Intern Oral Exam

Examination Structure

The Intern Oral Examination assesses aspiring pharmacists’ competencies across key areas, ensuring they are prepared for professional practice.

Part Focus Area Duration Description
Part A:

Primary Healthcare

Understanding of primary healthcare principles 10 mins Candidates are evaluated on their understanding of primary healthcare principles, focusing on the delivery and importance of these services in pharmacy.
Part B:

Legal and Ethical Practice

Knowledge of legal and ethical considerations in pharmacy 5 mins This section tests candidates’ knowledge of legal and ethical considerations in the pharmacy profession and their ability to address related challenges.
Part C:

Problem Solving & Communication

Problem-solving and communication skills 20 mins The main emphasis is on problem-solving and communication skills, assessing how candidates handle complex pharmacy scenarios and interact with patients and healthcare professionals.

Examination Focus Areas

The oral exam is designed to verify that candidates have the essential knowledge and skills for safe and effective patient care in Australia, concentrating on:

Drug Interactions

  • Assessment: Ability to identify and manage potential drug interactions to ensure patient safety.


  • Evaluation: Recognition of contraindications for specific medications and understanding when to avoid certain treatments.

Inappropriate Drug Selection or Dosing

  • Competence: Selecting appropriate medications and determining correct dosing regimens for patients.

Risk of Medication Duplications

  • Awareness: Understanding the risks associated with medication duplications and strategies to prevent them.

Unintended Dose Changes

Prevention: Capability to avert unintended dose changes that could adversely affect patient health.

Final Step: Australian General Pharmacist Registration to Practice in Australia


Application Process Overview

Candidates aiming for general pharmacist registration in Australia must complete their application online through the AHPRA (Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency) portal. This final step is crucial for transitioning from an intern to a fully registered pharmacist.

Required Documentation and Evidence

  • Internship Completion: Proof of successfully completing the pharmacy internship.
  • Examination Results: Results from the Intern Oral and Intern Written examinations.
  • Supportive Evidence: Any additional documents that support the application.
  • Fees Payment: Submission of the prescribed application fees.

Completing this application with all necessary documentation and fees is the last requirement for obtaining a general pharmacist license in Australia.

Importance for International Graduates

For international graduates, navigating the pharmacy licensure process in Australia is both a significant challenge and a remarkable opportunity. Understanding and completing each step, from initial eligibility and examinations such as the KAPS, to internships and final assessments, are crucial. This meticulous process ensures that international pharmacists meet the high standards of knowledge and practical skills required in Australia, aligning their qualifications with Australian healthcare standards. It opens the door to a rewarding career in one of the world’s most advanced healthcare systems, providing a platform for professional growth and the chance to bring diverse perspectives and experiences to the Australian pharmacy landscape.


Embarking on a pharmacy career in Australia requires navigating through a comprehensive licensure process, guided by the Australian Pharmacy Council (APC). This journey involves assessments, examinations like the KAPS, and practical training, culminating in registration with the Australian Pharmacy Board. The process ensures that pharmacists meet Australia’s high standards, blending knowledge with practical skills. For international graduates, understanding and successfully completing each step—from eligibility and exams to internships and final assessments. This guide highlights the pathway to becoming a registered pharmacist in Australia, emphasizing preparation, perseverance, and commitment to excellence. It’s a roadmap for aspiring pharmacists to contribute meaningfully to healthcare in Australia.


  • Who is responsible for assessing eligibility and document evaluation in Australia?
The Australian Pharmacy Council (APC) handles the assessment of eligibility and document evaluation in Australia.
  • What are the various assessment streams available in Australia?
Australia offers four distinct assessment streams: Knowledge assessment stream (Stream –A), Competencies assessment stream (Stream –B), Australian Graduate stream, and NZ graduate streams.
  • What are the eligibility requirements for Stream A assessment?
The eligibility requirements for Stream A assessment include having a minimum of 4 years of pharmacy graduation with registration or eligibility for registration in your home country.
  •  What is the typical timeframe for receiving the response to an eligibility assessment?
The typical timeframe for receiving a response to an eligibility assessment is approximately 8 to 12 weeks.
  •  How long is the validity period for an eligibility assessment?
An eligibility assessment letter, such as the Stream – A assessment letter, is valid for a lifetime.
  • Can the KAPS examination be taken while located in India?
    Yes, KAPS examinations can be taken in Indi
  •  What is the duration of validity for KAPS results, or how many years do I have to complete the entire Australian pharmacist licensing process after passing the KAPS exam?
Upon successfully passing both papers, the candidate’s results will remain valid for a period of five years.
  •  Is an English language proficiency score mandatory for the Provisional Pharmacist registration procedure?
Yes, a mandatory requirement for Provisional Pharmacist registration is achieving a satisfactory English language proficiency score.
  • How many attempts are allowed for the KAPS exam?
Candidates can take the KAPS exam an unlimited number of times.
  •  What is the typical duration of the internship?
The internship duration is typically about 1824 hours and lasts for one year.
  • What is the duration of validity for a pharmacist license?
A pharmacist license is typically valid for one year and requires annual renewal.

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Author Nitesh Viramgama

I am a dynamic Clinical Pharmacist, Researcher, Career Coach, Visa Guidance Expert, Mentor, Entrepreneur, and a firm believer in the '7-Year Rule' philosophy. My educational journey at Curtin University of Technology, Australia, equipped me with expertise in clinical pharmacy and research, leading to a successful career as a registered pharmacist.

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